Scherzo (Italian scherzo – literally “a joke”) is a playful character, can be part of a symphony, sonata, quartet or an independent musical piece in a lively, fast pace, with acutely characteristic rhythmic and harmonic turns, in three parts.
In the music of the XVI-XVII centuries – a small instrumental piece. So called canzonetta (songs) for one or several singers with humorous verses.
Such scherzo were written by C. Monteverdi, A. Brunelli, B. Marini. Since the beginning of the XVII century. The word “scherzo” also denoted plays for various instruments, close to capriccio (a free-form instrumental piece in a brilliant virtuoso style) with their bizarre change of episodes and moods. Continue reading