The trumpet (Italian tromba, French trompette, German Trompete, English trumpet) is a brass wind instrument of the alto-soprano register, the highest in sound among brass. A natural pipe has been used as a signal instrument since ancient times, and from about the 17th century it became part of the orchestra. With the invention of the valve mechanism, the pipe received a full chromatic scale and from the mid-19th century it became a full-fledged instrument of classical music. The instrument has a bright, brilliant timbre; it is used as a solo instrument in symphony and wind orchestras, as well as in jazz and other genres.
The sonorous calling voice of the trumpet has been known since ancient times to shepherds, hunters, warriors. Long before our era, the pipe was known to the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. Continue reading
Pastoral – (Latin pastoralis, French pastorale, shepherd, rural) – a genre in literature, painting, music and in the theater, poeticizing a peaceful and simple rural life. Pastoral can be called:
Pastoral music, which can include both large and small works, dedicated to the depiction of nature or rural life. Sizes 6/8, 12/8 are characteristic of the musical pastoral, the smooth calm movement of the melody, often doubled into a third. Examples of pastorals are in the works of A. Vivaldi, D. Scarlatti, F. Couperin, I. S. Bach and other composers. Beethoven’s Pastoral Symphony is also known. Continue reading
French horn (from German Waldhorn – “forest horn”, Italian corno, English french horn, French cor) – a brass wind musical instrument of a bass-tenor register. It came from a hunting signal horn; it entered the orchestra in the middle of the 17th century. Until the 1830s, like other copper instruments, it had no valves and was a natural instrument with a limited sound scale.
Among its closest neighbors, brass instruments, the horn stands out for its particularly melodious, velvety and warm timbre, and its thoughtfully lyrical sound. Its distant predecessor was a hunting horn, as evidenced by the name itself: translated from German “horn” means “forest horn”.
Hence the first impression of the sound of the horn is associated with the listener with unlimited distances, nature, forests and fields. Continue reading