Oboe (from French hautbois, literally “tall tree”, English, German and Italian oboe) is a woodwind musical instrument of the soprano register of the symphony orchestra, which is a conical tube with a valve system and a double cane (tongue). Oboe acquired a modern look in the first half of the 18th century. The instrument has a melodious, but somewhat nasal, and in the upper register – a sharp timbre.
The oboe can also be a member of a brass band, in various chamber ensembles. By the sound of “la” oboe, an orchestra is tuned.
Oboe device is complicated. The sound in it occurs as a result of the vibration of two connected reed plates, called a cane, which is mounted on a metal tube – a pin and tightly tied with a thread. The diameter of the pin and the size of the reed plates affect the structure of the instrument, its timbre and sound quality. Continue reading
Interference is the phenomenon of amplification of oscillations at some points in space and weakening of oscillations at other points as a result of the superposition of two or more waves arriving at these points. Wave interference is possible if the phase difference of the waves is constant in time, i.e., the waves are coherent. Wave interference is valid for waves of any nature and frequency.
When recording from several microphones, it is necessary to take care of their phasing: the signals from the microphones should not fall into the recording path in the opposite phase, since this can lead to their mutual compensation up to the complete disappearance. Without noticeable distortion of the timbre caused by interference of direct and reflected signals, the microphone can be brought closer to any reflecting surface at a distance of at least 1-1.5 m. Continue reading
The style of chanson is one of the genres of vocal music. But the word “shanson” can have two meanings: 1. French pop song, which is performed in the style of a cabaret; 2. secular polyphonic song performed in French (Renaissance and Middle Ages).
In order to fully understand what this genre is, you need to find out what it was like in the Middle Ages and during the Renaissance. At that time, one-voice secular songs were called chanson, which were performed by troubles, that is, French poets. The very first author of the chanson was the composer and poet Guillaume de Masho (14th century). The next generation of performers were from Burgundy (Gilles Benshua and Guillaume Dufay). But the songs were already, as a rule, three-voice. Continue reading