Suite (from the French Suite – “row”, “sequence”) – a cyclical musical form, consisting of several independent contrasting parts, united by a common concept.
It is a multi-part cycle consisting of independent, contrasting plays, united by a common artistic idea. Sometimes, instead of the name “suite”, composers used another, also widespread – “partita”.
The suite is distinguished from the sonata and symphony by the great independence of the parts, not such rigor, the regularity of their relationship. The term “suite” was introduced in the second half of the XVII century by French composers. Suites of the XVII — XVIII centuries were dancing; orchestral non-dancing suites appeared in the 19th century (the most famous are “Scheherazade” by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, “Pictures from the Exhibition” by M. P. Mussorgsky). Continue reading
Rhapsody (from the Greek. Rhapsodía – singing or recitation singing epic poems; epic poem, a song of a rhapsody) is a free-form vocal or instrumental work consisting of several contrasting episodes.
Rhapsody is characterized by the alternation of diverse episodes on folk song material. It is as if recreating the performance of an ancient Greek singer-rapeseed.
Rhapsody (Greek rhapsodói, from rhápto – stitch, compose and ode – song), ancient Greek wandering performers of epic poems. Unlike aeds, the Rhapsody recited a chant, without musical accompaniment, the text of epic poems, especially Homer, already enshrined in oral or written tradition. In the classical era of Ancient Greece (5–4 centuries BC), the art of Rhapsody became part of theatrical art and lasted until the beginning of late antiquity (1st century AD), assuming the character of musical meloeclamation. Continue reading
Trumpet is one of the oldest musical instruments. Mention of the oldest instruments of this type dates back to about 3600 BC. e.
Pipes existed in many civilizations – in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient China, etc., and were used as signaling instruments. The pipe played such a role for many centuries until the 17th century.
In the Middle Ages, trumpeters were obligatory members of the army, only they could quickly transmit an order from the commander to other parts of the army at a distance with a signal. The art of playing the trumpet was considered “elite”, he was taught only by specially selected people. In peacetime, trumpets sounded at festive processions, knightly tournaments, in large cities there was a position of “tower” trumpeters, which informed of the arrival of a high-ranking person, the change of time of day (thus playing the role of a kind of clock), approaching the city of the enemy army and other events . Continue reading
The trumpet (Italian tromba, French trompette, German Trompete, English trumpet) is a brass wind instrument of the alto-soprano register, the highest in sound among brass. A natural pipe has been used as a signal instrument since ancient times, and from about the 17th century it became part of the orchestra. With the invention of the valve mechanism, the pipe received a full chromatic scale and from the mid-19th century it became a full-fledged instrument of classical music. The instrument has a bright, brilliant timbre; it is used as a solo instrument in symphony and wind orchestras, as well as in jazz and other genres.
The sonorous calling voice of the trumpet has been known since ancient times to shepherds, hunters, warriors. Long before our era, the pipe was known to the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. Continue reading
Pastoral – (Latin pastoralis, French pastorale, shepherd, rural) – a genre in literature, painting, music and in the theater, poeticizing a peaceful and simple rural life. Pastoral can be called:
Pastoral music, which can include both large and small works, dedicated to the depiction of nature or rural life. Sizes 6/8, 12/8 are characteristic of the musical pastoral, the smooth calm movement of the melody, often doubled into a third. Examples of pastorals are in the works of A. Vivaldi, D. Scarlatti, F. Couperin, I. S. Bach and other composers. Beethoven’s Pastoral Symphony is also known. Continue reading